A study on Drug harms in the UK: a multicriteria decision analysis
Proper assessment of the harms caused by the misuse of drugs can inform policy makers in health, policing, and social care. We aimed to apply multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) modelling to a range of drug harms in the UK.
Members of the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs, including two invited specialists, met in a 1-day interactive workshop to score 20 drugs on 16 criteria: nine related to the harms that a drug produces in the individual and seven to the harms to others. Drugs were scored out of 100 points, and the criteria were weighted to indicate their relative importance.
MCDA modelling showed that heroin, crack cocaine, and metamfetamine were the most harmful drugs to individuals (part scores 34, 37, and 32, respectively), whereas alcohol, heroin, and crack cocaine were the most harmful to others (46, 21, and 17, respectively). Overall, alcohol was the most harmful drug (overall harm score 72), with heroin (55) and crack cocaine (54) in second and third places.
These findings lend support to previous work assessing drug harms, and show how the improved scoring and weighting approach of MCDA increases the differentiation between the most and least harmful drugs. However, the findings correlate poorly with present UK drug classification, which is not based simply on considerations of harm.
Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (UK).
I would like to share this interesting discovery from a classmate’s son who has just recovered from dengue fever. Apparently, his son was in the critical stage at the ICU when his blood platelet count drops to 15 after 15 liters of blood transfusion.
His father was so worried that he seeks another friend’s recommendation and his son was saved. He confessed to me that he gave his son raw juice of the papaya leaves. From a platelet count of 45 after 20 liters of blood transfusion, and after drinking the raw papaya leaf juice, his platelet count jumps instantly to 135. Even the doctors and nurses were surprised. After the second day he was discharged. So he asked me to pass this good news around.
Accordingly it is raw papaya leaves, 2pcs just cleaned and pound and squeeze with filter cloth. You will only get one tablespoon per leaf.. So two tablespoon per serving once a day. Do not boil or cook or rinse with hot water, it will loose its strength. Only the leafy part and no stem or sap. It is very bitter and you have to swallow it like “Won Low Kat”. But it works.
*Papaya Juice – Cure for Dengue*
You may have heard this elsewhere but if not I am glad to inform you that papaya juice is a natural cure for dengue fever. As dengue fever is rampant now, I think it’s good to share this with all.
A friend of mine had dengue last year.. It was a very serious situation for her as her platelet count had dropped to 28,000 after 3 days in hospital and water has started to fill up her lung. She had difficulty in breathing. She was only 32-year old. Doctor says there’s no cure for dengue. We just have to wait for her body immune system to build up resistance against dengue and fight its own battle. She already had 2 blood transfusion and all of us were praying very hard as her platelet continued to drop since the first day she was admitted.
Fortunately her mother-in-law heard that papaya juice would help to reduce the fever and got some papaya leaves, pounded them and squeeze the juice out for her. The next day, her platelet count started to increase, her fever subside. We continued to feed her with papaya juice and she recovered after 3 days!!!
Amazing but it’s true. It’s believed one’s body would be overheated when one is down with dengue and that also caused the patient to have fever papaya juice has cooling effect. Thus, it helps to reduce the level of heat in one’s body, thus the fever will go away. I found that it’s also good when one is having sore throat or suffering from heat.
Please spread the news about this as lately there are many dengue cases. It’s great if such natural cure could help to ease the sufferings of dengue patients.
Furthermore it’s so easily available.
Blend them and squeeze the juice! It’s simple and miraculously effective!!
If you like this post, please subscribe to our newsletter
click on the link http://buff.ly/McmfQ8
Follow on twitter: www.twitter.com/dnaturesfarmacy
Apa yang kita perlukan ialah:
200 ml air 50 gram gula perang, 1 gram yis ( yis ibu roti, boleh dibeli di pasar raya ) dan 1 botol plastik 2-liter.
1. Potong botol plastik (jenis PET) pada separuh. Simpan bahagian leher
2. Campurkan gula perang dengan air panas. Biarkan sejuk. Apabila sejuk, tuangkan di separuh bahagian bawah botol.
3. Tambah yis. Tidak perlu untuk bergaul. Ia akan menghasilkan karbon dioksida.(Nyamuk tertarik dengan karbon dioksida)
4. Letakkan bahagian corong, terbalik, ke dalam separuh botol tadi.
5. Bungkus botol dengan sesuatu yang hitam, dan letakkan di beberapa sudut rumah anda.
Dalam masa dua minggu, anda akan melihat jumlah nyamuk dan nyamuk yang mati di dalam botol.
Di samping membersihkan rumah , tapak pembiakan nyamuk dan nyamuk, kita boleh menggunakan kaedah ini dalam: Sekolah, taska, Hospital,kedai, ladang, dan lain-lain
Hatii-hati di jalanraya. Penjenayah bermotor atau berkereta, lalu sebelah anda dan akan tunjukkan kepada tayar kereta anda. Kononnya tayar kereta anda bocor atau ada sesuatu yang tidak kena pada kereta anda. Apabila anda berhenti, maka pasukan penjenayah akan mendekati anda dan berpura-pura mahu membantu. Hakikatnya mereka adalah penjenayah yang akan menyamun anda.
Apa anda perlu buat? JANGAN BERHENTIKAN KERETA ANDA. Terus pandu kereta anda hingga sampai ke stesyen minyak atau balai polis berdekatan atau di kawasan orang ramai.
Dewasa ini terdapat penyamaran oleh penjenayah yang mengunjung ke rumah pada waktu siang hari ketika suami atau orang lelaki tiada di rumah.
Mereka menyamar sebagai
dan pelbagai lagi penyamaran yang dibuat bertujuan untuk merompak.
Apa anda perlu lakukan?